LGBTQ Rights

Another element added to the already controversial Bush elections was the forceful emergence of gay marriage in state elections. In the 2004 election season, thirteen states had propositions asking whether or not marriage should specifically be defined as between a man and a woman. Since so many states were already discussing the topic, LGBTQ rights pushed into the presidential race where “the Bush campaign capitalized on the strong feelings of many religious conservatives regarding homosexual marriage”.This furthered Bush’s appeal to conservative, religious voters, while it pushed more liberals out of supporting him.

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Gallup poll of gay marriage acceptance in the United States between 1996 and 2011. It was not until just before 2011 that a majority of people believed same-sex marriage should be legal. Source:


1Campbell, D. E., and J. Q. Monson. “The Religion Card: Gay Marriage and the 2004 Presidential Election.” Public Opinion Quarterly72.3 (2008): 399-419. Web.